How Journalists Are Helping Tell the Stories of Refugees Amid the Pandemic

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Reporters in the International Center for Journalists’ (ICFJ) network have exposed sexual abuse of women refugees in Egypt, covered medicine shortages for migrants in Morocco, and reported on children exploited as beggars in Iraq during the pandemic. Their in-depth reports are part of a joint initiative with ICFJ and the Facebook Journalism Project supporting journalists as they shine a light on the experiences of refugees amid a global health crisis.

Leading media and humanitarian experts trained 120 journalists from the Middle East and North Africa how to better cover refugees — a highly vulnerable group — and to do so amid the constraints the pandemic presents. After the month-long virtual training, 34 participants received reporting grants and mentorship from award-winning journalism experts to produce in-depth stories from the region on refugees and other displaced people.

Some highlights:

  • United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) officials established a more formal process for receiving sexual abuse complaints from refugees after Shehata Alsayed Mohammed published a piece in Daraj on sexual abuse of women and girls in Egypt. The journalist’s five-month probe featured the stories of three domestic workers suffering abuse at the hands of their employers and documented their unsuccessful efforts to get help.
     
  • Salah Eddine Lemaizi reported on raids by local authorities on migrant settlements in Casablanca, Morocco, which prompted further media coverage of the incidents. As part of an effort to deepen coverage of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa in his country, he also produced a long-form feature on the conditions they face amid the pandemic and a separate piece on a lack of access to medication.
     
  • In a story for Al Jazeera, Sanar Hassan reported on the experiences of internally displaced children begging for money in Baghdad, Iraq. She had to mitigate legal and ethical boundaries as she gathered testimonials on sexual abuse, crime and violence against the children, who are exploited by criminals that run large-scale begging operations. Sanar’s team took steps to ensure the identities of the interview subjects were kept secret, given the dangers of speaking out.
     
  • Ayatollah Othman Rashad Othman Al-Habal wrote a narrative and produced a documentary for Egypt Today on refugee women from Sudan and Eritrea who bonded in Cairo over “a cup of coffee,” in a safe space established by the women themselves. These social gatherings served as an attempt to help them bear the burdens of isolation, especially after many resources and aid were cut due to COVID-19.

Before pursuing their stories, the journalists received training on how to protect themselves and their sources during the pandemic. Trainers also coached participants on how to engage refugees in their storytelling, produce more compelling multimedia content, and verify information even with limited on-the-ground access. In addition, the training included information on freedom of movement in the time of COVID-19 and how the pandemic has impeded access to healthcare and other resources for refugees.

In 2020, more than 15 million people were living as refugees, asylum seekers or internally displaced persons in the MENA region, according to UNHCR. That’s almost 19 percent of the estimated 80 million-plus forcibly displaced people worldwide.

“Journalists play a vital role in elevating the stories of people displaced from their homes, a number that continues to rise globally,” said Sharon Moshavi, senior vice president of new initiatives for ICFJ. “The reporters in our network have put a spotlight on refugee communities and deepened their coverage of these marginalized peoples, at a time when it is more important - and yet also more challenging - than ever.”

On World Refugee Day, ICFJ’s International Journalists’ Network (IJNet) will publish a media toolkit in Arabic and English, offering a comprehensive guide for journalists to help them write about underrepresented communities around the world. The aim of the media toolkit is to change the stereotypical narratives about refugees with investigative and truthful information.

Photo credit: Dominic Chavez/World Bank

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